Pediatric Hearing Loss
Persons of all ages can experience hearing loss – even children.
Signs & Causes
Even if your child has passed a newborn hearing screening, he or she could still have or acquire hearing loss. A screening is simply a means of lumping children into categories (e.g., at risk or less at risk). It’s not always easy to identify hearing loss in young children. Often, it goes unnoticed until speech and developmental delays become obvious, around the age of two. Signs that your child might have a problem hearing include:
- Does not react to loud noises as you would expect.
- Inconsistent or limited response to your voice.
- Delayed speech and language or limited vocabulary.
In addition to those warning signs, there are certain risk factors that make your child more likely to have hearing loss.
- Risk Factors for permanent hearing loss: A blood relative with permanent hearing loss.
- Acquired hearing loss may be caused by maternal illness or childhood illness (congenital CMV, measles, mumps, meningitis), high fever, head trauma or ototoxic medications.
- Structural malformations of the inner ear may cause congenital or delayed onset hearing loss.
- Genetic causes (e.g., hearing loss associated with certain syndromes or hearing loss passed from parent to child).
Hearing loss in children can also be temporary, typically caused by a mechanical problem such as impacted wax or middle ear fluid and/or infections.
Treatments for Hearing Loss
It’s crucial to treat hearing loss in children as soon as possible – the earlier your child receives help, the better the odds of them acquiring speech and language. Let your child’s doctor know if you have any suspicions about a hearing loss.
If your child suffers from frequent otitis media, ear tubes are often inserted to allow fluids to drain and prevent the ears from becoming infected.
For children already suffering from hearing impairment, options for treatment include hearing aids, cochlear implants and other devices that help your child communicate effectively.